MUSIC: THE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE1.In musical language, mezzo forte (mf) signals that the music’s volume should beA.very loud.B.medium loud.C.medium soft.D.soft.2.An example of a percussion instrument is theA.drum.B.violin.C.lute.D.shawm.3.Harmony is used to support the melody by usingA.chords.B.meter.C.tonic.D.monophonic chant.4.Von Bingen’s Play of Virtues is set to which of the following types of music?A.HarmonicB.MadrigalC.OrchestralD.Liturgical plainchant5.A measured performance that adheres consistently to the duple meter would be read asA.1-2-3-4.B.1-2-3-4.C.1-2-3.D.1-2-3-4.6.Roy will play a melody in triple meter and place the pulse of the meter on the first beat. Chuck will play the triple meter melody and place the pulse of the meter on the third beat. Who is playing the melody with the correct pulse? A.ChuckB.Neither is playing the melody correctly.C.RoyD.Both are playing the melody correctly.7.The volume of sound is known as A.amplitude.B.dynamics.C.frequency.D.pitch.8.Native American chant incorporates meaningless sung syllables that serve as a form of melodic instrument calledA.drone bass.B.vocables.C.pulse.D.duple meter.9.When a composer sets a single syllable of a word to several notes of music, he or she is using _______ style.A.cadenceB.melismaticC.syllabicD.plainchant10.By uniting words and music in their compositions, Renaissance composers brought the spirit of _______ to their work.A.protestantismB.humanismC.religionD.individuality11.The texture of Gregorian chant is said to beA.heterophonic.B.polyphonic.C.monophonic.D.homophonic.12.When a song’s melody begins in the key of C major, it should end in the key ofA.C major.B.F sharp.C.G.D.C minor.13.In much church music into the nineteenth century, the soprano and alto part in a choir were sung by A.castrati.B.men singing falsetto.C.boys.D.nuns.14.A capella choral music is meant to beA.sung without instrumental accompaniment.B.sung by women only.C.sung by men only.D.played in church on an organ.15.What invention during the Renaissance period enabled people to purchase music for their own personal use?A.Faster delivery serviceB.Electronic recording devicesC.Printing pressD.Instruments for trained transcription workers16.The basic framework for ordering music through time is theA.phrase.B.meter.C.syllable.D.value.17.According to the textbook, the early Renaissance composer _______ was considered the best composer of his or her time. A.Josquin des PrezB.Hildegard von BingenC.Baldassare CastiglioneD.Palestrina18.A structure of alternating sung lines among two or three singers in rhyme songs is calledA.counterpoint.B.call-and-response.C.syncretism.D.intonation.19.In plainchant, a sentence of text almost always ends withA.a minor chord.B.disjunct motion.C.cadence.D.the note D.20.Until the sixteenth century, music was written primarilyA.in the minor mode.B.for just one voice.C.for dance.D.in the major mode.MUSIC: THE BAROQUE ERA1.The English opera Dido and Aeneas may be interpreted as a criticism ofA.Adam and Eve.B.Napoleon and Josephine.C.Lancelot and Guinevere.D.King William and Queen Mary.2.Another word for “round” isA.sarabande.B.gigue.C.rhapsody.D.canon.3.The form of the melody called the bar form is represented byA.ABA.B.ABBA.C.AAB.D.ABB.4.A _______ performance usually requires the musicians to embellish the part written for them.A.passacagliaB.canzonaC.virtuosoD.transcripted5.The first opera to win widespread acclaim wasA.Purcell’s Dido and Aeneas.B.Handel’s Rinaldo.C.Monteverdi’s Orpheus.D.Handel’s Messiah.6.The Baroque period began around the yearA.1600.B.1750.C.1500.D.1050.7.Music work performed in a series is called a/anA.allemande.B.suite.C.sonata.D.fugue.8.The main theme of a fugue is called theA.episode.B.melody.C.subject.D.exposition.9.The _______ is a musical form that utilizes multiple soloists.A.Gothic motetB.chorale preludeC.concerto grossoD.sarabande10.The last movement of Bach’s Cantata 140 is what texture? A.PolyphonicB.HomophonicC.A ritornelloD.Atonal11.Both the number and the complexity of different interlocking parts of the _______ contribute to its rhythmic complexity.A.ariettaB.recitativeC.African hocketD.doo wop style12.The most popular oratorio isA.Aeneas.B.Orpheus.C.Messiah.D.Der Messias.13.A style of vocal music that’s a cross between singing and speaking is commonly referred to as A.pavane.B.polychoral.C.recitative.D.gigue.14.A lyrical movement or piece for voice with solo accompaniment is called a/anA.chorus.B.aria.C.operetta.D.ostinato.15.When instruments double the voices by playing the same notes sung by a chorus, the music is considered to haveA.unified timbre.B.contrasting timbre.C.paired movement.D.syncopation.16.Handel’s first operatic hit, which premiered in London in 1711, wasA.Four Seasons.B.Rinaldo.C.Saul.D.Giulio Cesare.17.What is the difference between an oratorio and an opera?A.An opera is staged and an oratorio isn’t.B.The opera is based on a sacred topic and an oratorio isn’t.C.An oratorio doesn’t include an aria and an opera does.D.An oratorio doesn’t include recitatives.18.It was during the Baroque era that _______ emerged, making solo singing in opera and oratorio possible.A.syncretismB.homophonyC.polyphonyD.counterpoint19.Instrumental work written for a soloist and a larger ensemble is called aA.fugue.B.cantata.C.prelude.D.concerto.20._______ was prepared to be slandered when the composer released a collection of madrigals in 1644.A.Barbara StrozziB.Claudio MonteverdiC.Francesca CacciniD.Antonio VivaldiMUSIC: THE CLASSICAL ERA1.Cherry Blossom’s extramusical content is expressed through the relationship of the music to its A.texture.B.characters.C.title.D.form.2.On the whole, the music of the Classical era was less complicated than that of the Baroque, yet it featured more internalA.flourishesB.extremes.C.ornamentation.D.contrasts.3.In an opera, the standard accompaniment for a recitative isA.the basso continuo alone.B.played by the orchestra.C.sung by a soprano.D.a function of the string quartet.4.Which mid-eighteenth century composer is credited with having the greatest impact on the significance of the string quartet?A.HaydnB.ChopinC.MozartD.Beethoven5.The double exposition concerto form differs from the standard sonata form in thatA.it’s played by two pianos.B.the exposition stays in the same key.C.it has a cadenza.D.it includes a single exposition.6.The English translation of “geisha” isA.musician.B.prostitute.C.servant.D.arts person.7.Capital theater, or _______, developed in Beijing in the late eighteenth century. A.JingjuB.XipiC.WenchangD.Xiaosheng8.The _______ Revolution of the late eighteenth century increased the size of cities and of potential audiences for concerts and theaters.A.BolshevikB.IndustrialC.CulturalD.French9.The _______ is an essential characteristic of the sonata form.A.development of themesB.fluctuation of rhythmC.sudden crescendoD.absence of harmony10.When the Italian words da capo appear at the end of a measure, the musician is being instructed toA.play the next part of the music quietly.B.play the main part of the musical piece over again.C.hold the notes for an extra three beats.D.play the refrain.11.In a string quartet, the bass instrument is theA.bass guitar.B.viola.C.drum.D.cello.12.Opera _______ is a light, frequently comic style of opera.A.canonicaB.buffaC.seriaD.hysteria13.A musical piece written in the sonata form closes with theA.antecedent.B.coda.C.tonic.D.codex.14.Which one of the following patterns represents the rondo form?A.A A B B CB.D C B AC.A B C DD.A B A C A15.The Japanese koto is what type of instrument?A.BrassB.WindC.PercussionD.String16.What dates are commonly assigned to the Classical period?A.1700-1750B.1700-1800C.1750-1800D.1650-172017.The dialogue in an opera is translated for the audience in theA.libretto.B.perdonate.C.paggio.D.score.18.The first section of a sonata in which the theme is presented is commonly called theA.exposition.B.allegro.C.prodigy.D.recap.19.Singing the alphabet song to the tune of Mozart’s “Ah, vous dirai-je, maman” is an example ofA.plagiarism.B.thematic variation.C.musical duplication.D.musical appropriation.20.The second section of a sonata is commonly called theA.development.B.coda.C.codetta.D.recapitulation.